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VIDEOS 》 Linux Kernel net_device data-structure

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Refer:
Wiki:
Linux namespaces - https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Linux_namespaces
Linux containers - https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Linux_containers
Docker - https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Docker_(software)
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Images:
Linux Containers Architecture - https://image.slidesharecdn.com/evoluationofli ...
Virtualization vs Containers - http://images.techhive.com/images/article/2016 ...
Docker Architecture - http://sphere3d.com/wp-content/uploads/2015/05 ...
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Linux Kernel Source:
struct net_device :: nd_net - Network namespace this network device is inside - http://elixir.free-electrons.com/linux/latest/ ...
possible_net_t - http://elixir.free-electrons.com/linux/latest/ ...
write_pnet(), read_pnet() APIs - http://elixir.free-electrons.com/linux/latest/ ...
Net namespace inlines APIs - http://elixir.free-electrons.com/linux/latest/ ...

Linux Containers Architecture
Virtualization vs Containers
Docker Architecture

Download this episode my entire kernel module sample code, make file, clean script HERE.
And here is the same source code for a quick reference.

/*---------- The Linux Channel -----------------*/
/* Author: Kiran Kankipati
* Contact: [email protected]
* Website: www.the-toffee-project.org
* Date: 16-sep-2016
----------------------------------------------*/

#include <linux/kernel.h>
#include <linux/types.h>
#include <linux/module.h> 
#include <linux/errno.h>
#include <linux/slab.h>
#include <linux/netfilter.h>
#include <linux/netfilter_ipv4.h>
#include <linux/skbuff.h>  
#include <linux/udp.h>
#include <linux/ip.h>
#include <linux/in.h>
#include <linux/string.h>
#include <linux/init.h>
#include <linux/net.h>
#include <linux/netdevice.h>
#include <linux/socket.h>
#include <linux/sockios.h>
#include <linux/inet.h>
#include <linux/inetdevice.h>
#include <linux/netdevice.h>
#include <linux/etherdevice.h>
#include <linux/if_arp.h>
#include <linux/icmp.h>
#include <linux/netlink.h>
#include <linux/mroute.h>
#include <net/checksum.h>
#include <net/inet_ecn.h>
#include <net/xfrm.h>
#include <net/route.h>
#include <net/sock.h>
#include <net/ip.h>
#include <net/tcp.h>
#include <net/arp.h>
#include <net/udp.h>
#include <net/icmp.h>
#include <net/inetpeer.h>
#include <net/protocol.h>
#include <net/flow.h>
#include <asm/types.h>

//REFER: http://lxr.free-electrons.com/source/include/linux/netdevice.h?v=3.13

static int mymodule_init(void)
{	
	struct net_device *dev = first_net_device(&init_net);	
	while(dev)
	{	printk("Dev: name: %s - ifindex: %d\n", dev->name, dev->ifindex);
		if(netif_running(dev)) { printk("Device is up\n"); } else { printk("Device is down\n"); }
		if(test_bit(__LINK_STATE_NOCARRIER, &dev->state)) { printk("NOCARRIER set\n"); } else { printk("NOCARRIER NOT-set\n"); }
		dev = next_net_device(dev);
  	}

	return 0;	
}

static void mymodule_exit(void)
{

}

module_init(mymodule_init);
module_exit(mymodule_exit);

Refer:
first_net_device() - http://lxr.free-electrons.com/source/include/l ...
netif_running() - http://lxr.free-electrons.com/source/include/l ...

Download this episode my entire kernel module sample code, make file, clean script HERE.
And here is the same source code for a quick reference.

#include <linux/kernel.h>
#include <linux/types.h>
#include <linux/module.h> 
#include <linux/errno.h>
#include <linux/slab.h>
#include <linux/netfilter.h>
#include <linux/netfilter_ipv4.h>
#include <linux/skbuff.h>  
#include <linux/udp.h>
#include <linux/ip.h>
#include <linux/in.h>
#include <linux/string.h>
#include <linux/init.h>
#include <linux/net.h>
#include <linux/netdevice.h>
#include <linux/socket.h>
#include <linux/sockios.h>
#include <linux/inet.h>
#include <linux/inetdevice.h>
#include <linux/netdevice.h>
#include <linux/etherdevice.h>
#include <linux/if_arp.h>
#include <linux/icmp.h>
#include <linux/netlink.h>
#include <linux/mroute.h>
#include <net/checksum.h>
#include <net/inet_ecn.h>
#include <net/xfrm.h>
#include <net/route.h>
#include <net/sock.h>
#include <net/ip.h>
#include <net/tcp.h>
#include <net/arp.h>
#include <net/udp.h>
#include <net/icmp.h>
#include <net/inetpeer.h>
#include <net/protocol.h>
#include <net/flow.h>
#include <asm/types.h>



static int mymodule_init(void)
{	
	struct net_device *dev = first_net_device(&init_net);	
	while(dev)
	{	printk("Dev: name: %s - ifindex: %d\n", dev->name, dev->ifindex);
		dev = next_net_device(dev);
  	}

	return 0;	
}

static void mymodule_exit(void)
{

}

module_init(mymodule_init);
module_exit(mymodule_exit);

Refer:
first_net_device() - http://lxr.free-electrons.com/source/include/l ...
next_net_device() - http://lxr.free-electrons.com/source/include/l ...

Download this episode my entire kernel module sample code, make file, clean script HERE.
And here is the same source code for a quick reference.

#include <linux/kernel.h>
#include <linux/types.h>
#include <linux/module.h> 
#include <linux/errno.h>
#include <linux/slab.h>
#include <linux/netfilter.h>
#include <linux/netfilter_ipv4.h>
#include <linux/skbuff.h>  
#include <linux/udp.h>
#include <linux/ip.h>
#include <linux/in.h>
#include <linux/string.h>
#include <linux/init.h>
#include <linux/net.h>
#include <linux/netdevice.h>
#include <linux/socket.h>
#include <linux/sockios.h>
#include <linux/inet.h>
#include <linux/inetdevice.h>
#include <linux/netdevice.h>
#include <linux/etherdevice.h>
#include <linux/if_arp.h>
#include <linux/icmp.h>
#include <linux/netlink.h>
#include <linux/mroute.h>
#include <net/checksum.h>
#include <net/inet_ecn.h>
#include <net/xfrm.h>
#include <net/route.h>
#include <net/sock.h>
#include <net/ip.h>
#include <net/tcp.h>
#include <net/arp.h>
#include <net/udp.h>
#include <net/icmp.h>
#include <net/inetpeer.h>
#include <net/protocol.h>
#include <net/flow.h>
#include <asm/types.h>



static int mymodule_init(void)
{	
	struct net_device *dev=dev_get_by_index(&init_net, 1);
	
	if(dev!=NULL)
	{	printk("Dev: name: %s - ifindex: %d\n", dev->name, dev->ifindex); }

	return 0;	
}

static void mymodule_exit(void)
{

}

module_init(mymodule_init);
module_exit(mymodule_exit);

Refer:
dev_get_by_index() prototype - http://lxr.free-electrons.com/source/include/l ...
dev_get_by_index() implementation - http://lxr.free-electrons.com/source/net/core/ ...

Download this episode my entire kernel module sample code, make file, clean script HERE.
And here is the same source code for a quick reference.

#include <linux/kernel.h>
#include <linux/types.h>
#include <linux/module.h> 
#include <linux/errno.h>
#include <linux/slab.h>
#include <linux/netfilter.h>
#include <linux/netfilter_ipv4.h>
#include <linux/skbuff.h>  
#include <linux/udp.h>
#include <linux/ip.h>
#include <linux/in.h>
#include <linux/string.h>
#include <linux/init.h>
#include <linux/net.h>
#include <linux/netdevice.h>
#include <linux/socket.h>
#include <linux/sockios.h>
#include <linux/inet.h>
#include <linux/inetdevice.h>
#include <linux/netdevice.h>
#include <linux/etherdevice.h>
#include <linux/if_arp.h>
#include <linux/icmp.h>
#include <linux/netlink.h>
#include <linux/mroute.h>
#include <net/checksum.h>
#include <net/inet_ecn.h>
#include <net/xfrm.h>
#include <net/route.h>
#include <net/sock.h>
#include <net/ip.h>
#include <net/tcp.h>
#include <net/arp.h>
#include <net/udp.h>
#include <net/icmp.h>
#include <net/inetpeer.h>
#include <net/protocol.h>
#include <net/flow.h>
#include <asm/types.h>



static int mymodule_init(void)
{	
	struct net_device *dev=dev_get_by_name(&init_net, "eno1");
	
	if(dev!=NULL)
	{	printk("Dev: name: %s - ifindex: %d\n", dev->name, dev->ifindex); }

	return 0;	
}

static void mymodule_exit(void)
{

}

module_init(mymodule_init);
module_exit(mymodule_exit);

Refer:
dev_get_by_name() prototype - http://lxr.free-electrons.com/source/net/core/ ...
dev_get_by_name() implementation - http://lxr.free-electrons.com/source/include/l ...

Refer:
struct net_device - http://lxr.free-electrons.com/source/include/l ...

And here is the copy paste of struct net_device (include/linux/netdevice.h) from the Kernel-source version 4.11 for quick reference:

/**
 *	struct net_device - The DEVICE structure.
 *		Actually, this whole structure is a big mistake.  It mixes I/O
 *		data with strictly "high-level" data, and it has to know about
 *		almost every data structure used in the INET module.
 *
 *	@name:	This is the first field of the "visible" part of this structure
 *		(i.e. as seen by users in the "Space.c" file).  It is the name
 *	 	of the interface.
 *
 *	@name_hlist: 	Device name hash chain, please keep it close to name[]
 *	@ifalias:	SNMP alias
 *	@mem_end:	Shared memory end
 *	@mem_start:	Shared memory start
 *	@base_addr:	Device I/O address
 *	@irq:		Device IRQ number
 *
 *	@carrier_changes:	Stats to monitor carrier on<->off transitions
 *
 *	@state:		Generic network queuing layer state, see netdev_state_t
 *	@dev_list:	The global list of network devices
 *	@napi_list:	List entry used for polling NAPI devices
 *	@unreg_list:	List entry  when we are unregistering the
 *			device; see the function unregister_netdev
 *	@close_list:	List entry used when we are closing the device
 *	@ptype_all:     Device-specific packet handlers for all protocols
 *	@ptype_specific: Device-specific, protocol-specific packet handlers
 *
 *	@adj_list:	Directly linked devices, like slaves for bonding
 *	@features:	Currently active device features
 *	@hw_features:	User-changeable features
 *
 *	@wanted_features:	User-requested features
 *	@vlan_features:		Mask of features inheritable by VLAN devices
 *
 *	@hw_enc_features:	Mask of features inherited by encapsulating devices
 *				This field indicates what encapsulation
 *				offloads the hardware is capable of doing,
 *				and drivers will need to set them appropriately.
 *
 *	@mpls_features:	Mask of features inheritable by MPLS
 *
 *	@ifindex:	interface index
 *	@group:		The group the device belongs to
 *
 *	@stats:		Statistics struct, which was left as a legacy, use
 *			rtnl_link_stats64 instead
 *
 *	@rx_dropped:	Dropped packets by core network,
 *			do not use this in drivers
 *	@tx_dropped:	Dropped packets by core network,
 *			do not use this in drivers
 *	@rx_nohandler:	nohandler dropped packets by core network on
 *			inactive devices, do not use this in drivers
 *
 *	@wireless_handlers:	List of functions to handle Wireless Extensions,
 *				instead of ioctl,
 *				see <net/iw_handler.h> for details.
 *	@wireless_data:	Instance data managed by the core of wireless extensions
 *
 *	@netdev_ops:	Includes several pointers to callbacks,
 *			if one wants to override the ndo_*() functions
 *	@ethtool_ops:	Management operations
 *	@ndisc_ops:	Includes callbacks for different IPv6 neighbour
 *			discovery handling. Necessary for e.g. 6LoWPAN.
 *	@header_ops:	Includes callbacks for creating,parsing,caching,etc
 *			of Layer 2 headers.
 *
 *	@flags:		Interface flags (a la BSD)
 *	@priv_flags:	Like 'flags' but invisible to userspace,
 *			see if.h for the definitions
 *	@gflags:	Global flags ( kept as legacy )
 *	@padded:	How much padding added by alloc_netdev()
 *	@operstate:	RFC2863 operstate
 *	@link_mode:	Mapping policy to operstate
 *	@if_port:	Selectable AUI, TP, ...
 *	@dma:		DMA channel
 *	@mtu:		Interface MTU value
 *	@min_mtu:	Interface Minimum MTU value
 *	@max_mtu:	Interface Maximum MTU value
 *	@type:		Interface hardware type
 *	@hard_header_len: Maximum hardware header length.
 *	@min_header_len:  Minimum hardware header length
 *
 *	@needed_headroom: Extra headroom the hardware may need, but not in all
 *			  cases can this be guaranteed
 *	@needed_tailroom: Extra tailroom the hardware may need, but not in all
 *			  cases can this be guaranteed. Some cases also use
 *			  LL_MAX_HEADER instead to allocate the skb
 *
 *	interface address info:
 *
 * 	@perm_addr:		Permanent hw address
 * 	@addr_assign_type:	Hw address assignment type
 * 	@addr_len:		Hardware address length
 *	@neigh_priv_len:	Used in neigh_alloc()
 * 	@dev_id:		Used to differentiate devices that share
 * 				the same link layer address
 * 	@dev_port:		Used to differentiate devices that share
 * 				the same function
 *	@addr_list_lock:	XXX: need comments on this one
 *	@uc_promisc:		Counter that indicates promiscuous mode
 *				has been enabled due to the need to listen to
 *				additional unicast addresses in a device that
 *				does not implement ndo_set_rx_mode()
 *	@uc:			unicast mac addresses
 *	@mc:			multicast mac addresses
 *	@dev_addrs:		list of device hw addresses
 *	@queues_kset:		Group of all Kobjects in the Tx and RX queues
 *	@promiscuity:		Number of times the NIC is told to work in
 *				promiscuous mode; if it becomes 0 the NIC will
 *				exit promiscuous mode
 *	@allmulti:		Counter, enables or disables allmulticast mode
 *
 *	@vlan_info:	VLAN info
 *	@dsa_ptr:	dsa specific data
 *	@tipc_ptr:	TIPC specific data
 *	@atalk_ptr:	AppleTalk link
 *	@ip_ptr:	IPv4 specific data
 *	@dn_ptr:	DECnet specific data
 *	@ip6_ptr:	IPv6 specific data
 *	@ax25_ptr:	AX.25 specific data
 *	@ieee80211_ptr:	IEEE 802.11 specific data, assign before registering
 *
 *	@dev_addr:	Hw address (before bcast,
 *			because most packets are unicast)
 *
 *	@_rx:			Array of RX queues
 *	@num_rx_queues:		Number of RX queues
 *				allocated at register_netdev() time
 *	@real_num_rx_queues: 	Number of RX queues currently active in device
 *
 *	@rx_handler:		handler for received packets
 *	@rx_handler_data: 	XXX: need comments on this one
 *	@ingress_queue:		XXX: need comments on this one
 *	@broadcast:		hw bcast address
 *
 *	@rx_cpu_rmap:	CPU reverse-mapping for RX completion interrupts,
 *			indexed by RX queue number. Assigned by driver.
 *			This must only be set if the ndo_rx_flow_steer
 *			operation is defined
 *	@index_hlist:		Device index hash chain
 *
 *	@_tx:			Array of TX queues
 *	@num_tx_queues:		Number of TX queues allocated at alloc_netdev_mq() time
 *	@real_num_tx_queues: 	Number of TX queues currently active in device
 *	@qdisc:			Root qdisc from userspace point of view
 *	@tx_queue_len:		Max frames per queue allowed
 *	@tx_global_lock: 	XXX: need comments on this one
 *
 *	@xps_maps:	XXX: need comments on this one
 *
 *	@watchdog_timeo:	Represents the timeout that is used by
 *				the watchdog (see dev_watchdog())
 *	@watchdog_timer:	List of timers
 *
 *	@pcpu_refcnt:		Number of references to this device
 *	@todo_list:		Delayed register/unregister
 *	@link_watch_list:	XXX: need comments on this one
 *
 *	@reg_state:		Register/unregister state machine
 *	@dismantle:		Device is going to be freed
 *	@rtnl_link_state:	This enum represents the phases of creating
 *				a new link
 *
 *	@destructor:		Called from unregister,
 *				can be used to call free_netdev
 *	@npinfo:		XXX: need comments on this one
 * 	@nd_net:		Network namespace this network device is inside
 *
 * 	@ml_priv:	Mid-layer private
 * 	@lstats:	Loopback statistics
 * 	@tstats:	Tunnel statistics
 * 	@dstats:	Dummy statistics
 * 	@vstats:	Virtual ethernet statistics
 *
 *	@garp_port:	GARP
 *	@mrp_port:	MRP
 *
 *	@dev:		Class/net/name entry
 *	@sysfs_groups:	Space for optional device, statistics and wireless
 *			sysfs groups
 *
 *	@sysfs_rx_queue_group:	Space for optional per-rx queue attributes
 *	@rtnl_link_ops:	Rtnl_link_ops
 *
 *	@gso_max_size:	Maximum size of generic segmentation offload
 *	@gso_max_segs:	Maximum number of segments that can be passed to the
 *			NIC for GSO
 *
 *	@dcbnl_ops:	Data Center Bridging netlink ops
 *	@num_tc:	Number of traffic classes in the net device
 *	@tc_to_txq:	XXX: need comments on this one
 *	@prio_tc_map:	XXX: need comments on this one
 *
 *	@fcoe_ddp_xid:	Max exchange id for FCoE LRO by ddp
 *
 *	@priomap:	XXX: need comments on this one
 *	@phydev:	Physical device may attach itself
 *			for hardware timestamping
 *
 *	@qdisc_tx_busylock: lockdep class annotating Qdisc->busylock spinlock
 *	@qdisc_running_key: lockdep class annotating Qdisc->running seqcount
 *
 *	@proto_down:	protocol port state information can be sent to the
 *			switch driver and used to set the phys state of the
 *			switch port.
 *
 *	FIXME: cleanup struct net_device such that network protocol info
 *	moves out.
 */

struct net_device {
	char			name[IFNAMSIZ];
	struct hlist_node	name_hlist;
	char 			*ifalias;
	/*
	 *	I/O specific fields
	 *	FIXME: Merge these and struct ifmap into one
	 */
	unsigned long		mem_end;
	unsigned long		mem_start;
	unsigned long		base_addr;
	int			irq;

	atomic_t		carrier_changes;

	/*
	 *	Some hardware also needs these fields (state,dev_list,
	 *	napi_list,unreg_list,close_list) but they are not
	 *	part of the usual set specified in Space.c.
	 */

	unsigned long		state;

	struct list_head	dev_list;
	struct list_head	napi_list;
	struct list_head	unreg_list;
	struct list_head	close_list;
	struct list_head	ptype_all;
	struct list_head	ptype_specific;

	struct {
		struct list_head upper;
		struct list_head lower;
	} adj_list;

	netdev_features_t	features;
	netdev_features_t	hw_features;
	netdev_features_t	wanted_features;
	netdev_features_t	vlan_features;
	netdev_features_t	hw_enc_features;
	netdev_features_t	mpls_features;
	netdev_features_t	gso_partial_features;

	int			ifindex;
	int			group;

	struct net_device_stats	stats;

	atomic_long_t		rx_dropped;
	atomic_long_t		tx_dropped;
	atomic_long_t		rx_nohandler;

#ifdef CONFIG_WIRELESS_EXT
	const struct iw_handler_def *wireless_handlers;
	struct iw_public_data	*wireless_data;
#endif
	const struct net_device_ops *netdev_ops;
	const struct ethtool_ops *ethtool_ops;
#ifdef CONFIG_NET_SWITCHDEV
	const struct switchdev_ops *switchdev_ops;
#endif
#ifdef CONFIG_NET_L3_MASTER_DEV
	const struct l3mdev_ops	*l3mdev_ops;
#endif
#if IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_IPV6)
	const struct ndisc_ops *ndisc_ops;
#endif

	const struct header_ops *header_ops;

	unsigned int		flags;
	unsigned int		priv_flags;

	unsigned short		gflags;
	unsigned short		padded;

	unsigned char		operstate;
	unsigned char		link_mode;

	unsigned char		if_port;
	unsigned char		dma;

	unsigned int		mtu;
	unsigned int		min_mtu;
	unsigned int		max_mtu;
	unsigned short		type;
	unsigned short		hard_header_len;
	unsigned short		min_header_len;

	unsigned short		needed_headroom;
	unsigned short		needed_tailroom;

	/* Interface address info. */
	unsigned char		perm_addr[MAX_ADDR_LEN];
	unsigned char		addr_assign_type;
	unsigned char		addr_len;
	unsigned short		neigh_priv_len;
	unsigned short          dev_id;
	unsigned short          dev_port;
	spinlock_t		addr_list_lock;
	unsigned char		name_assign_type;
	bool			uc_promisc;
	struct netdev_hw_addr_list	uc;
	struct netdev_hw_addr_list	mc;
	struct netdev_hw_addr_list	dev_addrs;

#ifdef CONFIG_SYSFS
	struct kset		*queues_kset;
#endif
	unsigned int		promiscuity;
	unsigned int		allmulti;


	/* Protocol-specific pointers */

#if IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_VLAN_8021Q)
	struct vlan_info __rcu	*vlan_info;
#endif
#if IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_NET_DSA)
	struct dsa_switch_tree	*dsa_ptr;
#endif
#if IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_TIPC)
	struct tipc_bearer __rcu *tipc_ptr;
#endif
	void 			*atalk_ptr;
	struct in_device __rcu	*ip_ptr;
	struct dn_dev __rcu     *dn_ptr;
	struct inet6_dev __rcu	*ip6_ptr;
	void			*ax25_ptr;
	struct wireless_dev	*ieee80211_ptr;
	struct wpan_dev		*ieee802154_ptr;
#if IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_MPLS_ROUTING)
	struct mpls_dev __rcu	*mpls_ptr;
#endif

/*
 * Cache lines mostly used on receive path (including eth_type_trans())
 */
	/* Interface address info used in eth_type_trans() */
	unsigned char		*dev_addr;

#ifdef CONFIG_SYSFS
	struct netdev_rx_queue	*_rx;

	unsigned int		num_rx_queues;
	unsigned int		real_num_rx_queues;
#endif

	unsigned long		gro_flush_timeout;
	rx_handler_func_t __rcu	*rx_handler;
	void __rcu		*rx_handler_data;

#ifdef CONFIG_NET_CLS_ACT
	struct tcf_proto __rcu  *ingress_cl_list;
#endif
	struct netdev_queue __rcu *ingress_queue;
#ifdef CONFIG_NETFILTER_INGRESS
	struct nf_hook_entry __rcu *nf_hooks_ingress;
#endif

	unsigned char		broadcast[MAX_ADDR_LEN];
#ifdef CONFIG_RFS_ACCEL
	struct cpu_rmap		*rx_cpu_rmap;
#endif
	struct hlist_node	index_hlist;

/*
 * Cache lines mostly used on transmit path
 */
	struct netdev_queue	*_tx ____cacheline_aligned_in_smp;
	unsigned int		num_tx_queues;
	unsigned int		real_num_tx_queues;
	struct Qdisc		*qdisc;
#ifdef CONFIG_NET_SCHED
	DECLARE_HASHTABLE	(qdisc_hash, 4);
#endif
	unsigned long		tx_queue_len;
	spinlock_t		tx_global_lock;
	int			watchdog_timeo;

#ifdef CONFIG_XPS
	struct xps_dev_maps __rcu *xps_maps;
#endif
#ifdef CONFIG_NET_CLS_ACT
	struct tcf_proto __rcu  *egress_cl_list;
#endif

	/* These may be needed for future network-power-down code. */
	struct timer_list	watchdog_timer;

	int __percpu		*pcpu_refcnt;
	struct list_head	todo_list;

	struct list_head	link_watch_list;

	enum { NETREG_UNINITIALIZED=0,
	       NETREG_REGISTERED,	/* completed register_netdevice */
	       NETREG_UNREGISTERING,	/* called unregister_netdevice */
	       NETREG_UNREGISTERED,	/* completed unregister todo */
	       NETREG_RELEASED,		/* called free_netdev */
	       NETREG_DUMMY,		/* dummy device for NAPI poll */
	} reg_state:8;

	bool dismantle;

	enum {
		RTNL_LINK_INITIALIZED,
		RTNL_LINK_INITIALIZING,
	} rtnl_link_state:16;

	void (*destructor)(struct net_device *dev);

#ifdef CONFIG_NETPOLL
	struct netpoll_info __rcu	*npinfo;
#endif

	possible_net_t			nd_net;

	/* mid-layer private */
	union {
		void					*ml_priv;
		struct pcpu_lstats __percpu		*lstats;
		struct pcpu_sw_netstats __percpu	*tstats;
		struct pcpu_dstats __percpu		*dstats;
		struct pcpu_vstats __percpu		*vstats;
	};

#if IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_GARP)
	struct garp_port __rcu	*garp_port;
#endif
#if IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_MRP)
	struct mrp_port __rcu	*mrp_port;
#endif

	struct device		dev;
	const struct attribute_group *sysfs_groups[4];
	const struct attribute_group *sysfs_rx_queue_group;

	const struct rtnl_link_ops *rtnl_link_ops;

	/* for setting kernel sock attribute on TCP connection setup */
#define GSO_MAX_SIZE		65536
	unsigned int		gso_max_size;
#define GSO_MAX_SEGS		65535
	u16			gso_max_segs;

#ifdef CONFIG_DCB
	const struct dcbnl_rtnl_ops *dcbnl_ops;
#endif
	u8			num_tc;
	struct netdev_tc_txq	tc_to_txq[TC_MAX_QUEUE];
	u8			prio_tc_map[TC_BITMASK + 1];

#if IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_FCOE)
	unsigned int		fcoe_ddp_xid;
#endif
#if IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_CGROUP_NET_PRIO)
	struct netprio_map __rcu *priomap;
#endif
	struct phy_device	*phydev;
	struct lock_class_key	*qdisc_tx_busylock;
	struct lock_class_key	*qdisc_running_key;
	bool			proto_down;
};



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Watch detailed videos and read topics on Linux Kernel Programming and Linux ioctl() API interface

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Multi-Client TCP Server with pthreads Mutex Synchronized - Code-walk of viewer code - Sekhar Pariga ↗
Wednesday' 23-Sep-2020
Here is a code-walk of a git-hub source submitted by a viewer Sekhar Pariga, which is a Multi-client TCP Server with pthreads Mutex synchronized. Basically it is a Directory Listing Server, that serves ls, cd, pwd of directory functions to connecting TCP clients which are remotely (locally) executed by the server. Server is implemented using multi-thread pthread library, to serve multiple clients simultaneously. Server keeps the each accepted client session details in the queue data structure. Client session queue contains each clients socket-fd and present working directory as a queue node.

Adding your own Kernel Modules into Linux Kernel Source | Linux Kernel Programming ↗
Wednesday' 23-Sep-2020
Whenever you do custom kernel modules, you can optionally make it a part of existing Linux Kernel source. This does not mean you are submitting your kernel module to the mainline kernel source (i.e kernel.org Linux Kernel Foundation). What I meant is, you can make your kernel module(s) part of Linux Kernel source so that when you compile your kernel you can automatically compile your kernel module(s) too. As well when you create/modify kernel .config configuration file (such as via make menuconfig, etc), you can enable or disable your kernel module(s) too.
To do the same you have to register (and include) your custom Kernel Module's Kconfig and Makefile to the existing Kconfig and Makefile of the Linux Kernel source Here is a detailed multi-episode video of mine which gives the overall idea and the big-picture.

Building a streaming anomaly detection solution at TELUS using Pub/Sub, Dataflow, and BigQuery ML ↗
Wednesday' 23-Sep-2020
Here is a cool video of my student Abdul Rahman Sattar in collaboration with Masud Hasan from Google Cloud Platform (GCP) on: Securing its internal networks from malware and security threats is critical at TELUS. With an ever-changing malware landscape and the explosion of activities in IoT and M2M, existing signature-based solutions for malware detection are no longer sufficient. The TELUS cyber security team is pushing the boundaries on state-of-the-art technologies to detect suspicious behavior in its wireless networks.
Learn how Google and the TELUS team have worked together to modernize a security analytics platform from an on-premises Hadoop/Spark-based data lake. This session includes a live demo of a streaming analytics pipeline using Beam/Dataflow which processes thousands of network log events/sec, aggregates, and finds outliers in near real time based on a k-means clustering model using BigQuery ML. See the power of streaming analytics using machine lea

Roadmap - How to become Linux Kernel Developer - Device Drivers Programmer and a Systems Software Expert ↗
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Many viewers and even sometimes my students ask me how I can become a kernel programmer or just device driver developer and so on. So I shot this video (and an add-on video) where I summarized steps and a roadmap to become a full-fledged Linux Kernel Developer.

Weekly News Digest - Week 03 - July 2020 ↗
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The Linux Channel :: Weekly News Digest - Week 03 - July 2020
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Linux Kernel Programming | with or without Kernel Modules | Device Drivers ↗
Wednesday' 23-Sep-2020
When learning Linux Kernel programming, often I notice my students and viewers gets confused and they start with learning writing Linux Kernel modules. And so they develop the common misconception about Kernel Programming in general. They assume writing code in Linux Kernel means writing kernel modules. Which is absolutely not. Kernel modules are an optional choice and are part of Linux Kernel. But besides modules, Linux Kernel has lot of other mainstream code. Hence if anyone wants to be a Kernel Developer, you should be aware that sometimes you add new code via modules, sometimes without them. And if you ask me, I am not much in favor of writing Kernel modules. Instead in my code, I try to integrate and make them a part of Linux Kernel so that they all get initialized during boot time. Here is an extensive Youtube video of mine on Linux Kernel Programming, with and without Kernel Modules.

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