O projeto TOFFEE
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RESEARCH 》 Power consumption of my Home Lab devices for research

AMD RYZEN 3 1200 - FreeNAS Storage array build
  • CPU: AMD Ryzen 3 1200 (4 cores/4 threads)
  • RAM: Corsair Vengeance 8GB DDR4 LPX 2400MHz C16 Kit
  • Motherboard: Gigabyte GA-A320M-HD2 AM44
  • Graphics/Display: Asus Geforce 210GT 1GB DDR3
  • PSU: Circle CPH698V12-400
  • Storage: WDC WD10JPVX-75JC3T0 - WD 1TB HDD
System BIOS53 watts
Idle System (Linux Ubuntu OS)52 watts
Casual browsing53 watts
Youtube video playback60 watts
Kernel compilation with 4-threads "make -j4" (99% load)74 watts
Kernel compilation with 3-threads "make -j3" (80% load)71 watts

My Intel Core i7-5820K - Desktop build
  • CPU: Intel Core i7-5820K (6 cores/12 threads)
  • RAM: Corsair PC2800 DDR4 14GB Kit
  • Motherboard: Gigabyte X99-UD4
  • Graphics/Display: Asus Geforce 210GT 1GB DDR3
  • PSU: Corsair VS450
  • CPU Liquid Cooling system: Cooler Master Nepton 240m
  • Storage: Transcend TS128GSSD370 128GB SSD
Idle System (Linux Ubuntu OS)70 watts
System BIOS90 watts
Linux kernel compilation (80%) load150 watts

My Intel Celeron CPU 1037U Mini PC WAN Optimization Device
  • CPU: Intel Celeron CPU 1037U
  • RAM: DDR3 PC3L 4GB
  • Storage: Transcend TS128GSSD370 128GB SSD
Idle System (Linux Ubuntu OS)18-20 watts
System BIOS16.5 watts
Linux kernel compilation (95%) load21-24 watts

My HP Envy 15-J111TX Laptop
  • CPU: Intel Corei7-4700MQ
  • RAM: DDR3 PC3L 12GB
  • Storage: WD Blue 250GB Scorpio HDD
Idle System (Linux Ubuntu OS) charging44 watts
Idle System (Linux Ubuntu OS) charged15 watts
Poweroff charging28 watts
Poweroff charged0.1 watts
Poweron charged suspend0.75 watts
Linux kernel compilation (95%) load charging90 watts
Linux kernel compilation (95%) load charged69 watts

My Dell 15R 5537 Laptop
  • CPU: Intel Corei7-4500U
  • RAM: DDR3 PC3L 8GB
  • Storage: Seagate 320GB Momentus HDD
Idle System (Linux Ubuntu OS) charging42 watts
Idle System (Linux Ubuntu OS) charged10 watts
Poweroff charging29 watts
Poweroff charged0.1 watts
Poweron charged suspend0.70 watts
Linux kernel compilation (95%) load charging60 watts
Linux kernel compilation (95%) load charged30 watts

My Acer Aspire 4810T Laptop
  • CPU: Intel Core Solo SU3500 1.4 GHz
  • RAM: DDR3 PC3 4GB
  • Storage: WD Blue 250GB Scorpio HDD
  * No Battery, so no charging.
Idle System (Linux Manjaro OS)16.23 watts
System BIOS24.30 watts
Casual Browsing22.27 watts
Youtube Playback22.45 watts

Raspberry Pi2 Device
  • Powered via 2Amp USB power-supply
  • Raspbian OS
  • USB mouse and USB keyboard connected
Casual browsing2.6 - 3 watts
Youtube video playback (25% load)3 - 3.5 watts
Kernel compilation with 4-threads "make -j4" (99% load)3.9 - 4 watts
Kernel compilation with 3-threads "make -j3"3.67 - 3.75 watts
idle device with no keyboard and no mouse2.08 - 2.1 watts

NETGEAR RN104 ReadyNAS
  • 2x 2.5'' Laptop HDD drives
  • 2x 3.5'' Desktop HDD drives
  • Single x-RAID volume with 4 HDD drives
Device off but plugged-in0.58 watts
Idle device after booting28 watts
File copy (write operation)28.7 watts
RAID Volume scrub operation29.5 watts

APC BX600C-IN UPS - APC Back-UPS 600(UPS not powered-on but connected to live power socket)
Standby Charging13.5 watts
Standby not-Charging7.8 watts

APC BX600CI-IN UPS - APC Back-UPS 600(UPS not powered-on but connected to live power socket)
Standby Charging9.5 watts
Standby not-Charging10-0.9 watts

BenQ LED Monitor 24'' GW2470HM
off plugged-in0.00 watts
Dim11.7 watts

LG LCD TV Monitor 23'' M237WA-PT
off plugged-in0.8 watts
Dim33 watts
Bright45 watts

Samsung LCD Monitor 22'' 2243NWX
off plugged-in0.7 watts
Dim20 watts
Bright33.5 watts

Power consumption of my Home Lab devices for research

Here is my power-consumption measurements of various devices deployed within my home lab. I measured via my kill-a-watt sort of power-meter which is fairly reliable and accurate. I checked its accuracy with various standard load such as Philips LED laps and other constant power-consuming devices to make sure that the power-meter is precise.

So far I maintained this data in my personal Google drive spreadsheet documents. But now I thought perhaps its good to share these numbers so that it is useful for various users to access their equipment such as:

  • decide UPS and battery backup ratings
  • off-grid solar power installations
  • choose new upgraded hardware which consumes less power and deliver better performance such as SSD over traditional HDD, new CPU, new Monitor, new laptop, servers, desktops and so on. And discard obsolete old hardware.
  • choosing the right PSU (power supply unit) for your desktop PC build

Before posting this article I shot a VLOG regarding the same and posted in my Youtube channel The Linux Channel. You can kindly watch the same:

Explore my lab's historical month wise power-usage trends: I started logging my entire lab monthly power-consumption readings. You can read the article HERE.

Off-Grid Solar Power System for Raspberry Pi: When you choose to use your Raspberry Pi device as your IoT based remote weather station or if you are building Linux kernel (like kernel compilation) within the same, you need a good uninterrupted power source (UPS). But if you are using it on site or in some research camping location you can choose to power your Raspberry Pi device with your custom off-grid solar power source. Kindly read my complete article about the same HERE.
Off-Grid Solar Power System for Raspberry Pi



Suggested Topics:


Generic Home Lab Research

💎 TOFFEE-MOCHA new bootable ISO: Download
💎 TOFFEE Data-Center Big picture and Overview: Download PDF


Tópicos recomendados:

WAN Optimization - Animated demo of Packet Optimization in TOFFEE-DataCenter ↗
Saturday' 13-Mar-2021

TOFFEE-Mocha WAN Emulation software development - Update: 15-July-2016 ↗
Saturday' 13-Mar-2021
Today I completed doing all the changes which are meant for the new upcoming TOFFEE-Mocha release. I have increased the resolution and the range of all factor variables. Instead 1 to 10 range now they have a range of 1 to 30. Unlike before the value 1 means it is lot more intense (or in some cases less intense) and the uppermost value 30 means lot less intense (or in some cases lot intense).

TOFFEE-Mocha WAN Emulation software development - Update: 20-Oct-2016 ↗
Saturday' 13-Mar-2021
I was doing some specific tests in my TOFFEE and TOFFEE-DataCenter (WAN optimization) scenarios such as variable upload and download speeds. And I was also doing some experiments with speedtest.net and I did some of these tests with TOFFEE-Mocha. I realized there is a case that I can introduce asymmetric constant delays so that you can get different download speed and a different upload speed. And in some cases much faster download speeds and relatively slower upload speeds.

Power consumption of my Home Lab devices for research ↗
Saturday' 13-Mar-2021
Here is my power-consumption measurements of various devices deployed within my home lab. I measured via my kill-a-watt sort of power-meter which is fairly reliable and accurate. I checked its accuracy with various standard load such as Philips LED laps and other constant power-consuming devices to make sure that the power-meter is precise.

TOFFEE (and TOFFEE-DataCenter) optimized Mobile Wireless Backhaul Networks ↗
Saturday' 13-Mar-2021
TOFFEE can be used to optimize expensive Wireless backhaul network infrastructure. TOFFEE can be deployed over existing slow or often outdated old backhaul networks too. This will leverage mobile ISPs and network service providers to reduce their bulk IT CapEx and OpEx Costs.

Building my own CDN - Finally Completed - Update: 17-Dec-2017 ↗
Saturday' 13-Mar-2021
Today I finally completed building my own private CDN. As I discussed so far in my earlier topics (Building my own CDN), I want to custom build the same step-by-step from scratch. And I don't want to for now use/buy third-party CDN subscriptions from Akamai, CloudFlare, Limelight, etc as I discussed earlier.

Assista no Youtube - [1888//1] Deep Space Communication - Episode1 - Introduction ↗


TOFFEE (and TOFFEE-DataCenter) deployment with VPN devices ↗
Saturday' 13-Mar-2021
In case if you need to deploy TOFFEE along with your existing VPN devices you can deploy the same as shown below. This will allow your VPN devices to encrypt your TOFFEE WAN Optimized network data. NOTE: Make sure about the VPN deployment topology done in the right order. Else TOFFEE (LAN side) may get VPN encrypted packets which may not be possible (and or difficult) to further optimize. Hence always make sure to deploy them in a topology suggested below so that TOFFEE devices are out of VPN tunnel.

Introducing TOFFEE-Fudge - Network Packet Generator ↗
Saturday' 13-Mar-2021
TOFFEE Fudge is a simple intuitive Network Packet Generator which can be used to create custom test synthetic Network Packets and can be used in various applications such as networking research, network infrastructure troubleshooting, ethical hacking, as a network software development tool and so on.

Replacing in Lab Intel Core i7 5820K Desktop PC with Intel Celeron 1037U Mini-PC ↗
Saturday' 13-Mar-2021
As a research experiment I replaced my Intel Core i7 5820K desktop PC with my Intel Celeron 1037U Mini-PC as my everyday desktop system. This is an attempt to reduce my overall monthly power consumption. As well an attempt to do feasibility tests and research to know how far Mini PC will dominate the market in future and to study the real potential of Mini PCs.

TOFFEE-Mocha Documentation :: TOFFEE-Mocha-1.0.32-1-x86_64 and TOFFEE-Mocha-1.0.32-1-i386 ↗
Saturday' 13-Mar-2021



Featured Educational Video:
Assista no Youtube - [8613//1] x254 Kernel Init Code without Kernel Module - Kernel Programming Tip #linode ↗

Building my own CDN - choosing a web-hosting to deploy my CDN - Update: 28-July-2016 ↗
Saturday' 13-Mar-2021
The TOFFEE Project website is hosted on Inmotion Hosting. And so I am looking for alternate hosting provider to build my first CDN node. My plan is to make multiple sub-domains of my website such as cdn1.the-toffee-project.org, cdn2.the-toffee-project.org and point each of this corresponding subdomain(s) to various alternative web hosting servers geographically spread across the world. Sometimes choosing the same vendor for multiple CDN nodes may result multiple servers existing in the data-center. And this becomes an issue if there is some catastrophic network disaster.

TOFFEE hardware selection guide ↗
Saturday' 13-Mar-2021
When you build a WAN Optimization device with TOFFEE the entire packet processing (data optimization) takes place in software layer or in other words more precisely Operating System kernel space. However if you have any compression or encryption hardware accelerator hardware card the parts of the TOFFEE packet processing modules can be offloaded to hardware layer and thus improving its efficiency.

TOFFEE-DataCenter packet packaging feature for WAN Optimization ↗
Saturday' 13-Mar-2021

TOFFEE-DataCenter WAN Optimization software development - Update: 19-Aug-2016 ↗
Saturday' 13-Mar-2021
This is my next software development update of TOFFEE-DataCenter which I am working since past few weeks. I was very busy in implementing the core TOFFEE-DataCenter components along with prototyping, benchmarking, implementing and testing the same. However today is the first time ever I did a fresh new CLI interface for the upcoming new TOFFEE-DataCenter.



Assista no Youtube - [889//1] 280 WAN Optimization - Animated demo of Packet Optimization in TOFFEE-DataCenter ↗

TOFFEE (and TOFFEE-DataCenter) optimized Satellite (inflight/marine/defense) ISP Networks ↗
Saturday' 13-Mar-2021
TOFFEE Optimized Satellite ISP Network: TOFFEE/TOFFEE-DataCenter can be used to optimize Satellite Networks (Satellite based Internet Networks, VoIP, Data, private leased-links) as shown. Ground station transponders can be connected via array of TOFFEE Devices and in the remote CPE can have dedicated or inbuilt TOFFEE with which you can establish a WAN Optimized Satellite Network Tunnel as shown.



Research :: Optimization of network data (WAN Optimization) at various levels:
Network File level network data WAN Optimization


Learn Linux Systems Software and Kernel Programming:
Linux, Kernel, Networking and Systems-Software online classes [CDN]


Hardware Compression and Decompression Accelerator Cards:
TOFFEE Architecture with Compression and Decompression Accelerator Card


TOFFEE-DataCenter on a Dell Server - Intel Xeon E5645 CPU:
TOFFEE-DataCenter screenshots on a Dual CPU - Intel(R) Xeon(R) CPU E5645 @ 2.40GHz - Dell Server