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RESEARCH 》 Detect and Monitor Failing Harddrive in Linux - My Seagate 500GB HDD Died

My 500GB Seagate Barracuda 7200RPM hard-drive suddenly started making mild clicking noise. I found this happening since morning. I was suspicious that something wrong in this drive and when I opened the Linux Disks app, I can find the cause of this issue. The disk is increasingly getting read errors. Besides I can see various other parameters such as Power-On Hours, Temperature, Head flying hours, etc.

It is quite strange that I never much noticed this tab of a failing disk in the Disks application so thought documenting the same so that you can also monitor the health of your harddrives and SSD drives while it is still partially working. This way you may recover any important files just in case before the drive gets fatally damaged and or data gets lost/corrupt.

You can locate the Disks Application in Ubuntu as shown below:
Disks Linux Application

As you can see below I got two drives installed. One is Seagate 500GB hard drive and the other one is Transcend 128GB SSD drive. The Assessment tells you minor warnings for now such as 2 bad sectors. But it is not sufficient to monitor the drive.
Seagate Barracuda 500GB harddrive

So you can open the SMART Data & Self-Tests tab and you get in-depth SMART Attributes. In this you can find detailed information regarding drive read errors, etc, as well as some other interesting data.
Seagate Barracuda 500GB harddrive SMART Data and Self-Tests

Now let me compare the same with the working drive which is Transcend 128GB SSD Drive.
Transcend 128GB SSD Drive

You can see the SMART Data & Self-Tests tab and you get in-depth SMART Attributes of this working Transcend 128GB SSD Drive. If you notice since it is SSD drive the SMART Attributes information is bit different than the traditional Hard drive.
Transcend 128GB SSD Drive SMART Data and Self-Tests

Optionally if you do a Start Self-Test you may get updated Overall Assessment as shown below which shows SELF-TEST FAILED. This is a clear indication it is time to take backups if any, erase the drive, format the drive and purge it ASAP.
Seagate Barracuda 500GB harddrive Start Self-test

Notice the drive temperature slightly increased after the drive Self-Test.
Seagate Barracuda 500GB harddrive SELF-TEST FAILED


Here is my live-demo and detailed Youtube video-log of the same:

💎 TOFFEE-MOCHA new bootable ISO: Download
💎 TOFFEE Data-Center Big picture and Overview: Download PDF


推荐主题:

TOFFEE-Mocha WAN Emulation software development - Update: 15-July-2016 ↗
Saturday' 13-Mar-2021
Today I completed doing all the changes which are meant for the new upcoming TOFFEE-Mocha release. I have increased the resolution and the range of all factor variables. Instead 1 to 10 range now they have a range of 1 to 30. Unlike before the value 1 means it is lot more intense (or in some cases less intense) and the uppermost value 30 means lot less intense (or in some cases lot intense).

LoRaWAN - Network Optimization via TOFFEE WAN Optimization ↗
Saturday' 13-Mar-2021
LoRaWAN - Network Optimization via TOFFEE WAN Optimization

TOFFEE Benchmarks :: TOFFEE-1.1.28 ↗
Saturday' 13-Mar-2021
Here is the TOFFEE WAN Optimization benchmarks of the TOFFEE version: TOFFEE-1.1.28. This is the current TOFFEE development version till date (2-Jul-2016). This is a HPC TOFFEE variant meant for high-end custom build servers and high-end desktops (i.e High Performance Computing a.k.a HPC). TOFFEE built this way often needs customized kernel compilation and build such as processor specific and hardware specific tune-ups since it is highly CPU intensive (if not offloaded via Hardware Accelerator Cards).

VPN Network Optimization via TOFFEE WAN Optimization ↗
Saturday' 13-Mar-2021
VPN Networks may degrade network performance due to various packet processing overheads such as encryption and by adding extra network protocol header(s) (such as IPv4/IPv6, IPSec, etc). This may inflate near MTU sized packets and causes excessive packet fragmentation. Here are the few examples of packet processing involved in a VPN (or a VPN like) Tunnel. With TOFFEE you can optimize these packets even before they get processed on to a VPN device. TOFFEE optimizes packet contents (application payload and transport headers) so that these TOFFEE optimized packets when they get processed by VPN devices (or VPN software stack) they may never need further packet fragmentation. Here is a deployment scenario of TOFFEE with VPN devices.

TOFFEE-DataCenter with GlusterFS Storage Cluster ↗
Saturday' 13-Mar-2021

TOFFEE with Hardware Compression and Decompression Accelerator Cards ↗
Saturday' 13-Mar-2021
You can build a basic TOFFEE WAN Optimization hardware completely in software layer (i.e its networking data-plane and control-plane). And if you are a product manufacturer you can make commercial WAN Optimization products with TOFFEE with software layer alone. And if you choose to improve its performance, you can use any third-party PCIe Compression Accelerator cards.

在YouTube上观看 - [1888//1] Deep Space Communication - Episode1 - Introduction ↗


iPerf Network Optimization - WAN Optimization Demo ↗
Saturday' 13-Mar-2021

Network MTU research and optimization of WAN Links ↗
Saturday' 13-Mar-2021
Network MTU research and optimization of WAN Links

Setting up a WAN Emulator within VirtualBox ↗
Saturday' 13-Mar-2021

TOFFEE-Mocha WAN Emulator Jitter Feature ↗
Saturday' 13-Mar-2021



Featured Educational Video:
在YouTube上观看 - [1836//1] x257 tp-link UE300 Linux Kernel Realtek Driver Codewalk rtl8153a-3 r8152 USB 3.0 to Gigabit - Part1 ↗

TOFFEE-DataCenter as a VNF for NFV ↗
Saturday' 13-Mar-2021

WAN Optimization - Animated demo of Packet Optimization in TOFFEE-DataCenter ↗
Saturday' 13-Mar-2021

Moon Base and Space Colonization - First we need fast InterPlanetary Internet ↗
Saturday' 13-Mar-2021

TOFFEE-Butterscotch Documentation :: TOFFEE-Butterscotch-1.0.11-rpi2-23-nov-2016 ↗
Saturday' 13-Mar-2021
TOFFEE-Butterscotch Documentation :: TOFFEE-Butterscotch-1.0.11-rpi2-23-nov-2016




TOFFEE-Mocha-1.0.32-1-x86_64 and TOFFEE-Mocha-1.0.32-1-i386 Code Release ↗
Saturday' 13-Mar-2021
This is my first TOFFEE-Mocha combined x86-64 and i386 (Intel x86 64-bit and 32-bit) code release.



Research :: Optimization of network data (WAN Optimization) at various levels:
Network File level network data WAN Optimization


Learn Linux Systems Software and Kernel Programming:
Linux, Kernel, Networking and Systems-Software online classes [CDN]


Hardware Compression and Decompression Accelerator Cards:
TOFFEE Architecture with Compression and Decompression Accelerator Card


TOFFEE-DataCenter on a Dell Server - Intel Xeon E5645 CPU:
TOFFEE-DataCenter screenshots on a Dual CPU - Intel(R) Xeon(R) CPU E5645 @ 2.40GHz - Dell Server