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RESEARCH 》 Power consumption of my Home Lab devices for research

AMD RYZEN 3 1200 - FreeNAS Storage array build
  • CPU: AMD Ryzen 3 1200 (4 cores/4 threads)
  • RAM: Corsair Vengeance 8GB DDR4 LPX 2400MHz C16 Kit
  • Motherboard: Gigabyte GA-A320M-HD2 AM44
  • Graphics/Display: Asus Geforce 210GT 1GB DDR3
  • PSU: Circle CPH698V12-400
  • Storage: WDC WD10JPVX-75JC3T0 - WD 1TB HDD
System BIOS53 watts
Idle System (Linux Ubuntu OS)52 watts
Casual browsing53 watts
Youtube video playback60 watts
Kernel compilation with 4-threads "make -j4" (99% load)74 watts
Kernel compilation with 3-threads "make -j3" (80% load)71 watts

My Intel Core i7-5820K - Desktop build
  • CPU: Intel Core i7-5820K (6 cores/12 threads)
  • RAM: Corsair PC2800 DDR4 14GB Kit
  • Motherboard: Gigabyte X99-UD4
  • Graphics/Display: Asus Geforce 210GT 1GB DDR3
  • PSU: Corsair VS450
  • CPU Liquid Cooling system: Cooler Master Nepton 240m
  • Storage: Transcend TS128GSSD370 128GB SSD
Idle System (Linux Ubuntu OS)70 watts
System BIOS90 watts
Linux kernel compilation (80%) load150 watts

My Intel Celeron CPU 1037U Mini PC WAN Optimization Device
  • CPU: Intel Celeron CPU 1037U
  • RAM: DDR3 PC3L 4GB
  • Storage: Transcend TS128GSSD370 128GB SSD
Idle System (Linux Ubuntu OS)18-20 watts
System BIOS16.5 watts
Linux kernel compilation (95%) load21-24 watts

My HP Envy 15-J111TX Laptop
  • CPU: Intel Corei7-4700MQ
  • RAM: DDR3 PC3L 12GB
  • Storage: WD Blue 250GB Scorpio HDD
Idle System (Linux Ubuntu OS) charging44 watts
Idle System (Linux Ubuntu OS) charged15 watts
Poweroff charging28 watts
Poweroff charged0.1 watts
Poweron charged suspend0.75 watts
Linux kernel compilation (95%) load charging90 watts
Linux kernel compilation (95%) load charged69 watts

My Dell 15R 5537 Laptop
  • CPU: Intel Corei7-4500U
  • RAM: DDR3 PC3L 8GB
  • Storage: Seagate 320GB Momentus HDD
Idle System (Linux Ubuntu OS) charging42 watts
Idle System (Linux Ubuntu OS) charged10 watts
Poweroff charging29 watts
Poweroff charged0.1 watts
Poweron charged suspend0.70 watts
Linux kernel compilation (95%) load charging60 watts
Linux kernel compilation (95%) load charged30 watts

My Acer Aspire 4810T Laptop
  • CPU: Intel Core Solo SU3500 1.4 GHz
  • RAM: DDR3 PC3 4GB
  • Storage: WD Blue 250GB Scorpio HDD
  * No Battery, so no charging.
Idle System (Linux Manjaro OS)16.23 watts
System BIOS24.30 watts
Casual Browsing22.27 watts
Youtube Playback22.45 watts

Raspberry Pi2 Device
  • Powered via 2Amp USB power-supply
  • Raspbian OS
  • USB mouse and USB keyboard connected
Casual browsing2.6 - 3 watts
Youtube video playback (25% load)3 - 3.5 watts
Kernel compilation with 4-threads "make -j4" (99% load)3.9 - 4 watts
Kernel compilation with 3-threads "make -j3"3.67 - 3.75 watts
idle device with no keyboard and no mouse2.08 - 2.1 watts

NETGEAR RN104 ReadyNAS
  • 2x 2.5'' Laptop HDD drives
  • 2x 3.5'' Desktop HDD drives
  • Single x-RAID volume with 4 HDD drives
Device off but plugged-in0.58 watts
Idle device after booting28 watts
File copy (write operation)28.7 watts
RAID Volume scrub operation29.5 watts

APC BX600C-IN UPS - APC Back-UPS 600(UPS not powered-on but connected to live power socket)
Standby Charging13.5 watts
Standby not-Charging7.8 watts

APC BX600CI-IN UPS - APC Back-UPS 600(UPS not powered-on but connected to live power socket)
Standby Charging9.5 watts
Standby not-Charging10-0.9 watts

BenQ LED Monitor 24'' GW2470HM
off plugged-in0.00 watts
Dim11.7 watts

LG LCD TV Monitor 23'' M237WA-PT
off plugged-in0.8 watts
Dim33 watts
Bright45 watts

Samsung LCD Monitor 22'' 2243NWX
off plugged-in0.7 watts
Dim20 watts
Bright33.5 watts

Power consumption of my Home Lab devices for research

Here is my power-consumption measurements of various devices deployed within my home lab. I measured via my kill-a-watt sort of power-meter which is fairly reliable and accurate. I checked its accuracy with various standard load such as Philips LED laps and other constant power-consuming devices to make sure that the power-meter is precise.

So far I maintained this data in my personal Google drive spreadsheet documents. But now I thought perhaps its good to share these numbers so that it is useful for various users to access their equipment such as:

  • decide UPS and battery backup ratings
  • off-grid solar power installations
  • choose new upgraded hardware which consumes less power and deliver better performance such as SSD over traditional HDD, new CPU, new Monitor, new laptop, servers, desktops and so on. And discard obsolete old hardware.
  • choosing the right PSU (power supply unit) for your desktop PC build

Before posting this article I shot a VLOG regarding the same and posted in my Youtube channel The Linux Channel. You can kindly watch the same:

Explore my lab's historical month wise power-usage trends: I started logging my entire lab monthly power-consumption readings. You can read the article HERE.

Off-Grid Solar Power System for Raspberry Pi: When you choose to use your Raspberry Pi device as your IoT based remote weather station or if you are building Linux kernel (like kernel compilation) within the same, you need a good uninterrupted power source (UPS). But if you are using it on site or in some research camping location you can choose to power your Raspberry Pi device with your custom off-grid solar power source. Kindly read my complete article about the same HERE.
Off-Grid Solar Power System for Raspberry Pi



Suggested Topics:


Generic Home Lab Research

💎 TOFFEE-MOCHA new bootable ISO: Download
💎 TOFFEE Data-Center Big picture and Overview: Download PDF


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TOFFEE-Mocha Documentation :: TOFFEE-Mocha-1.0.14-1-x86_64 ↗
Saturday' 13-Mar-2021

TOFFEE-Mocha WAN Emulation software development - Update: 16-June-2016 ↗
Saturday' 13-Mar-2021
I started TOFFEE-Mocha WAN Emulation software development on 1-June-2016. I took the existing TOFFEE components as a base. Although the TOFFEE-Mocha is entirely an independent fresh Open-Source WAN Emulation solution. Ever since I am in the process of defining and inventing features. So far I come up with the most important feature which is expected to be present in any WAN Emulation software is the packet delay option.

TEST CASES :: TEST RESULTS :: TOFFEE-Mocha-1.0.32 asymmetric constant packet delay feature ↗
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First TOFFEE-Mocha Code Release ↗
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TOFFEE-Mocha is my dream project which I thought working on it since several years. I want to make a WAN emulation software which is straight forward and simple to use. I used tc scripts along with iptables for testing my TOFFEE (and TrafficSqueezer before TOFFEE) and I am not quite satisfied with the same. As one can understand these scripts are not meant for WAN emulation.

TOFFEE-DataCenter packet packaging feature for WAN Optimization ↗
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IP Header Compression in WAN Links and TOFFEE-DataCenter WAN Optimization ↗
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Youtubeで見る - [1888//1] Deep Space Communication - Episode1 - Introduction ↗


Grid Hosting vs CDN Hosting ↗
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TOFFEE-DataCenter WAN Optimization :: TOFFEE-DATACENTER-1.3.25-1-portable ↗
Saturday' 13-Mar-2021
Download TOFFEE-DATACENTER-1.3.25-1-portable.tar.xz via Google Drive share: platform independent (portable) source: TOFFEE-DATACENTER-1.2.2-1-portable.tar.xz * Alternatively download from SOURCEFORGE project site. * Here are the TOFFEE-DataCenter supported features. * To know more about the project kindly refer TOFFEE-Datacenter Documentation, News and Updates

My sample Wireshark packet capture files for research ↗
Saturday' 13-Mar-2021
I have a huge repository (or collection) of sample Wireshark packet capture files for reference. I use them extensively for research and development of TOFFEE as well to understand various protocol PDUs and protocol standards. I personally collected various test captures via Wireshark during my test and experimental research setup during the course of TOFFEE development. Say if you are a student and learning Networking and or say VoIP data and VoIP packets, you can analyse my VoIP sample Wireshark captures. Or in other case assume you are doing some quick research (or development) and want to refer few handful of VoIP packets then you can download and analyse my sample packet capture files.

Why TOFFEE is forked from TrafficSqueezer ↗
Saturday' 13-Mar-2021
TrafficSqueezer is an open-source WAN Optimization project. TrafficSqueezer is mainly a research project which is started around mid-2006. It is initially started as a research (or prototype) code even before it is officially registered in Sourceforge.net. But this code is just primitive user-space raw socket modules. This is later refined and a pre-alpha version is created. Followed by which Alpha release. This prototype code is moved from user-space to Linux Kernel (Kernel Space) and then the journey begin in terms of making a serious WAN Optimization solution. Once the pre-beta and beta releases are complete the mainstream series is started.



Featured Educational Video:
Youtubeで見る - [89//1] B.E and M.E Final Year Projects - Form your Team ↗

TOFFEE-Mocha WAN Emulation software development - Update: 20-Oct-2016 ↗
Saturday' 13-Mar-2021
I was doing some specific tests in my TOFFEE and TOFFEE-DataCenter (WAN optimization) scenarios such as variable upload and download speeds. And I was also doing some experiments with speedtest.net and I did some of these tests with TOFFEE-Mocha. I realized there is a case that I can introduce asymmetric constant delays so that you can get different download speed and a different upload speed. And in some cases much faster download speeds and relatively slower upload speeds.

Introducing TrueBench - a high resolution CPU benchmarking system ↗
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TrueBench is an unique open-source benchmarking system in which the core system performance and efficiency parameters are measured at extreme high resolution in the order of several million/billion µ-seconds for a given specific task. TrueBench is a part of The TOFFEE Project research. With TrueBench Raspberry Pi 3, Raspberry Pi 2B, Raspberry Pi 2 and other embedded SoC devices are benchmarked and you can do a comparative analysis with standard mainstream x86 devices.

Benchmark Raspberry Pi and other embedded SoC with TrueBench ↗
Saturday' 13-Mar-2021
TrueBench is an unique open-source benchmarking system in which the core system performance and efficiency parameters are measured at extreme high resolution in the order of several million/billion µ-seconds for a given specific task. TrueBench is a part of The TOFFEE Project research. With TrueBench Raspberry Pi 3, Raspberry Pi 2B and Raspberry Pi 2 are benchmarked and you can do a comparative analysis with standard mainstream x86 devices.

IP Header Compression in WAN Links and TOFFEE-DataCenter WAN Optimization ↗
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TEST CASES :: TEST RESULTS :: TOFFEE-Mocha-1.0.32 asymmetric constant packet delay feature ↗
Saturday' 13-Mar-2021



Research :: Optimization of network data (WAN Optimization) at various levels:
Network File level network data WAN Optimization


Learn Linux Systems Software and Kernel Programming:
Linux, Kernel, Networking and Systems-Software online classes [CDN]


Hardware Compression and Decompression Accelerator Cards:
TOFFEE Architecture with Compression and Decompression Accelerator Card


TOFFEE-DataCenter on a Dell Server - Intel Xeon E5645 CPU:
TOFFEE-DataCenter screenshots on a Dual CPU - Intel(R) Xeon(R) CPU E5645 @ 2.40GHz - Dell Server